Powers and Functions of the SEC:
(source: SEC Websiste)
The Commission shall have the powers and functions provided by the Securities Regulation Code, Presidential Decree No. 902-A, as amended, the Corporation Code, the Investment Houses Law, the Financing Company Act, and other existing laws.
Under Section 5 of the Securities Regulation Code, Rep. Act. 8799, the Commission shall have, among others, the following powers and functions:
- Have jurisdiction and supervision over all corporations, partnerships or associations who are the grantees of primary franchises and/or a license or permit issued by the Government;
- Formulate policies and recommendations on issues concerning the securities market, advise Congress and other government agencies on all aspects of the securities market and propose legislation and amendments thereto;
- Approve, reject, suspend, revoke or require amendments to registration statements, and registration and licensing applications;
- Regulate, investigate or supervise the activities of persons to ensure compliance;
- Supervise, monitor, suspend or take over the activities of exchanges, clearing agencies and other SROs;
- Impose sanctions for the violation of laws and the rules, regulations and orders issued pursuant thereto;
- Prepare, approve, amend or repeal rules, regulations and orders, and issue opinions and provide guidance on and supervise compliance with such rules, regulations and orders;
- Enlist the aid and support of and/or deputize any and all enforcement agencies of the Government, civil or military as well as any private institution, corporation, firm, association or person in the implementation of its powers and functions under this Code;
- Issue cease and desist orders to prevent fraud or injury to the investing public;
- Punish for contempt of the Commission, both direct and indirect, in accordance with the pertinent provisions of and penalties prescribed by the Rules of Court;
- Compel the officers of any registered corporation or association to call meetings of stockholders or members thereof under its supervision;
- Issue subpoena duces tecum and summon witnesses to appear in any proceedings of the Commission and in appropriate cases, order the examination, search and seizure of all documents, papers, files and records, tax returns, and books of accounts of any entity or person under investigation as may be necessary for the proper disposition of the cases before it, subject to the provisions of existing laws;
- Suspend, or revoke, after proper notice and hearing the franchise or certificate of registration of corporations, partnerships or associations, upon any of the grounds provided by law; and
- Exercise such other powers as may be provided by law as well as those which may be implied from, or which are necessary or incidental to the carrying out of, the express powers granted the Commission to achieve the objectives and purposes of these laws.
Under Section 5.2 of the Securities Regulation Code, the Commission’s jurisdiction over all cases enumerated under Section 5 of PD 902-A has been transferred to the Courts of general jurisdiction or the appropriate Regional Trial Court. The Commission shall retain jurisdiction over pending cases involving intra-corporate disputes submitted for final resolution which should be resolved within one (1) year from the enactment of the Code. The Commission shall retain jurisdiction over pending suspension of payments/rehabilitation cases filed as of 30 June 2000 until finally disposed.
Considering that only Sections 2, 4, and 8 of PD 902-A, as amended, have been expressly repealed by the Securities Regulation Code, the Commission retains the powers enumerated in Section 6 of said Decree, unless these are inconsistent with any provision of the Code.